“History, Quality and Tradition in the Moonshine Capital of the World”
Local lore and historical footnotes weave the tale that, during one year of Prohibition, more sugar was shipped by rail to Boones Mill and Franklin County than to New York City. Like many of the early commerce centers in Southwest Virginia, Boones Mill thrived on the railroad line that weaved through its mountain valley, and bootleggers and moonshiners utilized its logistical power to feed its burgeoning new boom business — moonshine. Dwarfing the output of other mountain towns involved in the illegal spirit trade — such as Wilkesboro, NC, and its own moonshine roots, which, like Boones Mill, gave birth to NASCAR — Boones Mill gained the moniker “Moonshine Capital of the World,” a brand that carries staying-power to the present day.
Boones Mill has always been a historical crossroads and place of cultural exchange. The town is located in a mountain pass now home to Highway 220. Some of Southwest VA’s earliest settlers were Scotch-Irish who came through Maggodee Gap along the Iroquois’ Warrior Path. They brought distilling with them. During Prohibition, Boones Mill and the Bondurant Store was the choke point where local bootleggers transferred cargo to syndicates who distributed the product nationally. Today, Boones Mill has a population of 250 but a daily traffic count of 25,000. Tourism and the export of local heritage products are now vibrant catalysts to the town’s growth and development.
In the 20th century during Prohibition, local wits named the Boones Mill area as the "Moonshine Capital of the World,” as moonshine production and bootlegging drove the local economy. Historians estimate that in the 1920s, 99 of every 100 Franklin County residents were in some way involved in the illegal liquor trade. The bootleggers became involved with gangsters from Chicago and other major cities, and some local law enforcement officials were part of the criminal activities and killing of competitors. Between 1930 and 1935 local still operators and their business partners sold a volume of whiskey that would have generated $5.5 million in excise taxes at the old 1920 tax rate. A lengthy federal investigation resulted in indictments and trials for 34 suspects in 1935 for what was called the "Great Moonshine Conspiracy," which attracted national attention. The writer Sherwood Anderson was among the many outsiders who came to cover the trial. At what was then the longest trial in state history, 31 people were convicted, but their jail sentences were relatively light.
This period has recently received new attention by writers. T. Keister Greer's history The Great Moonshine Conspiracy Trial of 1935 (2002) covered the trial and its background in the county. The writer Matt Bondurant had ancestors in the area, whose exploits during this period inspired his historical novel, The Wettest County in the World (2008). The book was adapted as a film, Lawless, in 2012.
Moonshine remained an underground, illegal, yet romantic trade through much of the 20th century, until it found new, legal approval at the tail-end of the century. Now, legal moonshine distillers can be found all over the American South and beyond — yet each lack the historical tradition found in Boones Mill, the moonshine seat of Franklin County. It’s actually quite surprising that Boones Mill has yet to have a legal moonshine business that spotlights its history and tradition, but that recently changed with the advent of Franklin County Distilleries.
Steeped in history and tradition and rooted in quality local craftsmanship, the brand for FCD is dynamic. As Boones Mill wakes up from its sleepy town moniker, it finds itself perfectly positioned in a history-rich market location, torch-bearers of a brand that generations already hold dear. Approximately 25,000 vehicles pass through Boones Mill every day along Highway 220, linking between Roanoke, Rocky Mount, Martinsville, Smith Mountain Lake, Floyd, many North Carolina towns and more. Just down the road, Martinsville hums as a hotbed for NASCAR, a sport birthed from the transport of illegal corn liquor, and which attracts a large fan base that cherishes the history from which it sprung. Boones Mill is truly “Your Blue Ridge Gateway,” and will only become a greater destination with its export of its most significant local heritage product — legal moonshine … FCD White Label Corn Whiskey.